Before heading away for summer vacation it’s good practice to shut off the water supply to the entire home. This eliminates a possible ‘welcome home’ surprise of water damage from a burst pipe, that’s gone unnoticed.
The main shut-off valve is typically located near the water meter, where the main water supply enters the home. A good practice is to label the valve with a tag for easy reference.
Every plumbing fixture should have its own shut-off. Sinks, toilets, dishwasher, water heater, laundry area, refrigerator, icemaker, and lawn sprinkler. For instance, if the toilet’s leaking you can shut the water supply to it without affecting your entire home.
If a fixture doesn’t have its own shut-off, or if the shut-off valve is stuck, there is a rather new solution. Look for a silver, braided water supply hose with a built-in shut-off valve. It’s easier to install and if something springs a leak or needs replacement, you’re ready.